*   Paul Carroll 

CBT Psychotherapist

 

Tel: 07746 28 38 50

 
Google+

 

http://www.cbtregisteruk

.com

 

 A  BUPA  Consultant.

http://finder.bupa.co.uk/go/mr_paul_carroll

 

 

 

*   Abel Leung

Psychological Well Being Practioner

 

Tel: 07847 898 609

 

 

 

 

 

info@solihullcbt.co.uk

 

www.solihullcbt.co.uk

 

Solihull CBT

Shirley, Solihull.

West Midlands

B90 3JW

 

Cognitions - the way we think

1) Schemas / Core beliefs

•Beck distinguished 3 levels of cognition that cause and maintain psychopathology

•Schemas: Internal models of the self and the world developed over the course of experiences beginning in early life

•Schemas may lie dormant until they are activated by conditions similar to those under which they originally developed .

 

2) Maladaptive Assumptions

•Must / Shouldsand If-then statements

•“If I don’t pass the exam, it means that I’m a failure”

•“If I’m depressed now, then I will always be depressed”

•“People will think less of me, if I am depressed”

 

3) Automatic Thoughts (ATs)

•Negative view of the self (e.g., I’m unlovable, ineffective)

•Negative view of the future (e.g., nothing will work out)

•Negative view of the world (e.g., world is hostile)

•ATsare not given the same consideration as other thoughts but rather they are assumed to be true

 

Example

Situation: A colleague brushes past me in the cafeteria without saying “hello”.

 

Schema:                                "I am unlovable."

Assumption:              "I need her approval to feel worthwhile."

Automatic Thought:             "She doesn’t like me"

 

Emotions:                       sad, depressed, hopeless

 

 

 

            Unhealthy Self-Talk

B   Black and White Thinking

A    Awfulizing

D   Discounting the Positives

M   Maximizing the Negatives

O   Overgeneralization

O   Overestimating likelihood of Negative Outcome

D   Demanding

S   Self-Blame

 

Solihull CBT offers therapy for all of Birmingham and the West Midlands

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